Главная // Эфиопия // Церковь Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона, Аксум

Церковь Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона, Аксум

Самая священная святыня Эфиопии — Церковь Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона 17-ого столетия в Аксуме, в которой согласно преданию находится священный Ковчег. Поблизости расположена более новая и большая церковь, также известная как церковь Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона.

История

Хотя существующее здание относительно ново, у Церкви Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона есть древняя история. В 4-ом столетии, принц Эзана Аксумит принял христианство благодаря проповедям двух сирийский монахов, потерпевших кораблекрушение на побережье Красного моря. Принц стал продвигать Христианство, когда он был возведен на трон и стал королем Эзана; его считают святым и в Эфиопской Православной Церкви, и в Католической Церкви. Именно в это время, в 300-ых годах нашей эры, Церковь Пресвятой Девы Марии была построена в Аксуме. Эта церковь стояла в течение сотен лет и была замечена португальским монахом незадолго до своего разрушения в 16-ом столетии. Франсиско Альварес (Francisco Alvarez) написал о ней в своем журнале:

В городе Аксуме мы нашли благородную церковь; она является очень большой, и имеет пять нефов, все пространства святилища (и потолок, и стены) покрыты иконами; у этой церкви есть хор, убранство которого соответствует нашему [европейскому] стилю…

Некоторые эксперты полагают, что эта большая церковь в Аксуме служила моделью для Бет Медхане Алем, одной из самых внушительных вырезанных в скале церквей в Лалибела. Аксум был первым христианским королевством в мире и самым большим соседом Римской империи. Расположенный на торговых маршрутах караванов к Аравии, Нубии и Египту, Аксум торговал с Грецией, Римом и Константинополем. В конце 5-ого столетия, Христианство было распространено через миссионеров из Восточной Римской империи среди простых людей королевства. Миссионеры придерживались Монофизической доктрины природы Христа после того, как она была отвергнута как ересь Халсидийским Советом в 451 году, но эта доктрина остается частью Эфиопского и Коптского Православия в настоящее время. При короле 6-ого столетия — Калебе (также известном, как Святой Калеб) Аксум стал центром военной мощи, и король Аксума взял на себя роль защитника христиан в окружающих областях, включая Аравию. Калеб завоевал несколько маленьких еврейских королевств в Аравии, что привело к тому, что еврейские традиции нашли свое отражение в традициях Эфиопской Православной Церкви (ЭПЦ), и все еще они могут быть замечены сегодня.

В 1635 году, Пресвятая Дева Мария Сиона была восстановлена Императором Фасилидасом на месте руин более древней церкви, которая была разрушена мусульманами, и это и есть церковь, которую мы видим сегодня. В середине 1500-ых годов силы Ахмеда Грана перешли через Африканский Рог из Харэра с востока, какое-то время, угрожая исчезновением Христианству в Эфиопии. Разрушение и восстановление церкви стали важными вехами в истории Христианства Эфиопии. Окруженная исламскими странами, перенесшая множество нападений, несколько раз, будучи на грани исчезновения, Эфиопия осталась христианским государством, где Эфиопская Православная Церковь занимает важное место в жизни общества. В настоящее время ЭПЦ считается единственным оплотом Христианства против Ислама в Северной Африке. Пресвятая Дева Мария Сиона символизирует борьбу и триумфы не только церкви, но и народа Эфиопии. Императоры Эфиопии все были коронованы здесь. До 1930-ых годов преступники могли получить убежище в окрестностях церкви, позвонив  в звонок на подъезде. В 1955 году, чтобы отметить свой Серебряный Юбилей, Император Хайле Селасси основал новую Церковь Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона рядом со старой. В 1964 году строительство новой церкви было завершено. Император Селасси прервал государственный визит в Эфиопию королевы Елизаветы II, чтобы посетить освящение Собора. Британский монарх посетил церковь Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона несколько дней спустя. В отличие от старой церкви, в новую — могут входить женщины.

В 1965 году, Селасси построил часовню рядом со старой церковью Пресвятой Девы Марии, чтобы содержать там церковные сокровища и Ковчег. Аксум был в зоне сражений во время освободительной войны против центрального правительства в 1980-ых годах. Марксистские силы обвинялись в разграблении 83 церквей в области и убийстве многих священников, но к счастью древние святыни Аксума не были серьезно повреждены.

Описание

Камни фундамента церкви 4-ого столетия могут все еще быть замечены на участке. Архитектура старой церкви Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона 17-ого столетия содержит детали, традиционно встречающиеся в сирийской архитектуре. Это — приземистая, квадратная структура, окруженная колоннадой, вокруг которой танцуют священники во время религиозных процессий. У церкви есть зубчатые, подобные крепости стены, которые отражают прошлое этого места, а интерьер церкви полон красочных фресок и картин. Паломники мужского пола не могут пойти дальше вестибюля, и женщинам разрешено войти только во внутренний двор. Во время литургий область вокруг маленькой церкви быстро наполняется толпами верующих, чьи звучные пения слышны со всех концов. На фасаде церкви есть большая икона, изображающая Святую Троицу, Двенадцать Апостолов, и Двенадцать Племен Израиля.

Почитать еще

134 комментария to " Церковь Пресвятой Девы Марии Сиона, Аксум "

  1. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a excellent article about

  2. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  3. Title

    […]The information and facts mentioned within the post are some of the most effective obtainable […]

  4. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a great post about

  5. Looking around

    I like to look around the online world, regularly I will just go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  6. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and found

  7. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  8. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  9. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  10. Title

    […]one of our guests not too long ago proposed the following website[…]

  11. Title

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I appreciate but really don’t get a whole lot of link like from[…]

  12. Title

    […]Here is a good Weblog You might Come across Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

  13. Title

    […]very few internet sites that happen to be detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely really worth checking out[…]

  14. Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  15. Title

    […]that would be the finish of this write-up. Right here you will come across some web sites that we consider you will value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  16. Title

    […]that may be the end of this article. Here you’ll uncover some web-sites that we believe you’ll enjoy, just click the links over[…]

  17. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated data, nevertheless genuinely really worth taking a appear, whoa did one particular study about Mid East has got extra problerms as well […]

  18. Recent Blogroll …

    You may take a second to visit the subject material from this web-sites we’ve linked to on this post…

  19. Title

    […]just beneath, are various entirely not connected web-sites to ours, on the other hand, they may be certainly worth going over[…]

  20. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  21. Title

    […]Every the moment in a though we pick out blogs that we read. Listed below are the newest web-sites that we decide on […]

  22. Title

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I appreciate but really don’t get lots of link enjoy from[…]

  23. Title

    […]just beneath, are quite a few totally not connected websites to ours, even so, they are certainly worth going over[…]

  24. Title

    […]just beneath, are several totally not connected internet sites to ours, having said that, they are surely worth going over[…]

  25. Title

    […]please go to the websites we follow, which includes this one particular, as it represents our picks through the web[…]

  26. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated data, nonetheless genuinely worth taking a search, whoa did one particular find out about Mid East has got more problerms at the same time […]

  27. Title

    […]we came across a cool website that you simply could get pleasure from. Take a look in case you want[…]

  28. Title

    […]just beneath, are several entirely not connected web sites to ours, on the other hand, they may be certainly really worth going over[…]

  29. Just check this …

    Just take a second to take a look at the web pages we’ve linked to …

  30. Title

    […]Here are some of the web pages we advise for our visitors[…]

  31. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated data, nevertheless seriously worth taking a appear, whoa did one learn about Mid East has got more problerms as well […]

  32. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated data, nonetheless definitely really worth taking a look, whoa did one particular understand about Mid East has got much more problerms also […]

  33. Title

    […]Here is a great Blog You might Uncover Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  34. Great websites from the internet…

    Very good written! Let me suggest you this interesting websites …

  35. Title

    […]here are some hyperlinks to web sites that we link to mainly because we think they are worth visiting[…]

  36. Title

    […]we came across a cool web-site that you simply could possibly take pleasure in. Take a look when you want[…]

  37. Title

    […]usually posts some very exciting stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  38. Title

    […]here are some links to sites that we link to since we feel they are really worth visiting[…]

  39. Title

    […]Here are a few of the web sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  40. Title

    […]one of our guests a short while ago encouraged the following website[…]

  41. Title

    […]although internet websites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they may be really worth a go as a result of, so possess a look[…]

  42. Title

    […]Here is a superb Weblog You may Obtain Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  43. Title

    […]here are some links to web-sites that we link to due to the fact we think they are really worth visiting[…]

  44. Title

    […]The information talked about in the report are several of the very best available […]

  45. Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  46. Title

    […]that may be the finish of this report. Right here you will locate some web-sites that we think you will value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  47. Title

    […]very couple of internet websites that transpire to be comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively worth checking out[…]

  48. Title

    […]usually posts some pretty fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  49. Title

    […]that would be the end of this post. Right here you’ll locate some sites that we assume you’ll value, just click the links over[…]

  50. Title

    […]below you’ll locate the link to some websites that we assume you must visit[…]

  51. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated data, nevertheless definitely really worth taking a search, whoa did 1 discover about Mid East has got a lot more problerms at the same time […]

  52. Title

    […]very few web-sites that happen to become comprehensive below, from our point of view are undoubtedly well really worth checking out[…]

  53. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I saw a excellent post concerning

  54. Title

    […]Every the moment in a while we decide on blogs that we read. Listed below are the latest web sites that we opt for […]

  55. Title

    […]please go to the web pages we comply with, including this a single, because it represents our picks through the web[…]

  56. Title

    […]here are some links to web pages that we link to simply because we consider they may be really worth visiting[…]

  57. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated data, nonetheless actually really worth taking a look, whoa did one discover about Mid East has got far more problerms as well […]

  58. Title

    […]just beneath, are various completely not connected web pages to ours, however, they’re certainly really worth going over[…]

  59. Title

    […]we prefer to honor lots of other world wide web web sites around the net, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  60. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated information, nevertheless really worth taking a search, whoa did one discover about Mid East has got a lot more problerms too […]

  61. Sites we Like…

    Here are some absolutely unrelated web sites to ours, nevertheless, just take a second and visit the website…

  62. Just check this …

    Just take a second to go to the web sites we’ve linked to …

  63. SEO:

    Sites we Like…

    Here are some entirely unrelated web-sites to ours, however, i think you should take a second and visit the website…

  64. Title

    […]one of our visitors recently recommended the following website[…]

  65. Title

    […]one of our visitors a short while ago advised the following website[…]

  66. You should check this out…

    Here are some completely unrelated websites to ours, on the other hand, just take a moment to visit …

  67. You must see this website …

    We came across a cool site which you might take pleasure in visiting …

  68. Finding this site…

    Wow, this piece of writing is nice and very informative.

  69. You must see this website …

    We came across a cool site that you simply might enjoy visiting …

  70. You should check this out…

    Here are some absolutely unrelated internet websites to ours, however, just take a moment to visit …

  71. Title

    […]check beneath, are some totally unrelated sites to ours, even so, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  72. Title

    […]very couple of sites that happen to be in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly really worth checking out[…]

  73. Title

    […]that is the end of this post. Here you will uncover some web sites that we assume you’ll enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  74. Title

    […]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but really don’t get a great deal of link enjoy from[…]

  75. Title

    […]we like to honor quite a few other net websites around the internet, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  76. Title

    […]The details mentioned in the article are a few of the best out there […]

  77. Title

    […]we came across a cool website that you just may possibly delight in. Take a appear when you want[…]

  78. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  79. Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  80. Websites we think you should visit…

    Sites of interest we’ve a link to…

  81. Recent Blogroll …

    You may take a second to go to the subject material from this internet sites we’ve linked to on this post…

  82. Finding this site…

    Wow, this paragraph is pleasant and very informative.

  83. Recent Blogroll …

    You may take a second to check out the material from this websites we’ve linked to on this post…

  84. Wonderful story …

    Here are a handful of unrelated data, nonetheless really worth taking a your time to visit this website

  85. Read was interesting, stay in touch….

    Very well written!

  86. Title

    […]that is the end of this post. Right here you’ll uncover some web pages that we assume you’ll appreciate, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  87. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  88. Title

    […]we came across a cool web page which you could appreciate. Take a appear if you want[…]

  89. Title

    […]The information and facts mentioned in the article are some of the very best offered […]

  90. Title

    […]Every when inside a while we decide on blogs that we read. Listed beneath would be the newest web-sites that we decide on […]

  91. Title

    […]always a major fan of linking to bloggers that I adore but do not get quite a bit of link really like from[…]

  92. Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  93. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated information, nevertheless truly really worth taking a appear, whoa did a single discover about Mid East has got far more problerms at the same time […]

  94. Title

    […]Here is a good Weblog You might Come across Fascinating that we Encourage You[…]

  95. Title

    […]very handful of internet websites that happen to be detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively worth checking out[…]

  96. Title

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I love but don’t get a whole lot of link enjoy from[…]

  97. Title

    […]The information talked about inside the article are a number of the top accessible […]

  98. Title

    […]Here are a few of the websites we recommend for our visitors[…]

  99. Title

    […]below you will locate the link to some web-sites that we feel you should visit[…]

  100. Title

    […]we came across a cool internet site that you just could possibly appreciate. Take a search should you want[…]

  101. You should check this out…

    Here are some completely unrelated sites to ours, nevertheless, just take a second to visit …

  102. You must see this website …

    We came across a cool web-site that you may appreciate visiting …

  103. Read was interesting, stay in touch….

    Exceptionally well written!

  104. butt:

    Title

    […]below you’ll discover the link to some internet sites that we believe you’ll want to visit[…]

  105. Title

    […]below you will find the link to some internet sites that we think you need to visit[…]

  106. Title

    […]check below, are some completely unrelated web sites to ours, nonetheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  107. Title

    […]Every the moment inside a though we decide on blogs that we study. Listed beneath would be the latest web sites that we pick out […]

  108. Title

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I like but do not get a good deal of link adore from[…]

  109. Title

    […]we came across a cool site that you may delight in. Take a look should you want[…]

  110. Title

    […]check beneath, are some entirely unrelated web sites to ours, nonetheless, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  111. Title

    […]that may be the finish of this report. Here you will obtain some internet sites that we assume you will value, just click the links over[…]

  112. Title

    […]the time to study or pay a visit to the content material or web-sites we have linked to beneath the[…]

  113. Title

    […]Here are a few of the sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  114. Title

    […]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I love but don’t get a great deal of link adore from[…]

  115. Title

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I adore but really don’t get a lot of link enjoy from[…]

  116. Title

    […]please go to the sites we follow, like this one particular, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  117. Title

    […]check beneath, are some completely unrelated sites to ours, nonetheless, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  118. Title

    […]below you’ll obtain the link to some web-sites that we assume you should visit[…]

  119. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  120. Title

    […]below you will come across the link to some sites that we feel it is best to visit[…]

  121. Title

    […]we prefer to honor numerous other world-wide-web internet sites around the web, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  122. Just check this …

    Just take a second to take a look at the web-sites we’ve linked to …

  123. Just check this …

    Just take a second to pay a visit to the web pages we’ve linked to …

  124. Sites we Like…

    Here are some totally unrelated internet websites to ours, even so, just take a second and visit the website…

  125. Read was interesting, stay in touch….

    Very well written!

  126. Wonderful story …

    Here are a number of unrelated data, nevertheless definitely worth taking a your time to visit this website

  127. Title

    […]that is the finish of this post. Right here you’ll discover some sites that we think you’ll value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  128. Title

    […]the time to read or go to the content material or web pages we’ve linked to below the[…]

  129. Title

    […]just beneath, are quite a few totally not related internet sites to ours, having said that, they are surely worth going over[…]

  130. Title

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I adore but don’t get a whole lot of link adore from[…]

  131. Title

    […]below you will obtain the link to some web pages that we feel you need to visit[…]

  132. Title

    […]Every once inside a when we choose blogs that we study. Listed below are the most up-to-date websites that we pick out […]

  133. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More here|Read More|Read More Informations here|There you will find 91101 additional Informations|Infos on that Topic: svyato-mesto.ru/efiopia/presv_dev_marii/ […]

  134. Title

    […]the time to study or pay a visit to the subject material or internet sites we have linked to beneath the[…]