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Монастырь Святого Николая (Agios Nikolaos Anapafsas), Метеора

Основанный в начале 14-ого столетия, Монастырь Святого Николая (Agios Nikolaos Anapaphsas) является знаменитым монастырем Метеоры; известен, главным образом, из-за своей уникальной архитектуры и роскошных фресок, созданных живописцем, монахом с Крита — Феофаном (Theophanes), в 16-ом столетии.Отшельники впервые заняли эту скалу в начале 14-ого столетия, как свидетельствуют остатки фресок в Часовне Святого Антония. Существующий монастырь был основан в 1510 году Святым Дионисием из Ларисы, и Никанором, священником-монахом. Название «Anapafsas» имеет неизвестное происхождение; это может быть фамилия одного из первых монахов или основателя монастыря. Монастырь был оставлен к 1900 году и пришел в упадок, пока он не был отремонтирован в 1960-ых годах Департаментом Археологии и Наследия Греции. Затем в монастыре поселился отец Паламас, живя там до 1982 года, когда монастырь был закрыт. В 1997 году, священники Калампаки начали открывать монастырь для туристов каждое лето. Сегодня, один монах постоянно живет в монастыре Святого Николая, архимандрит аббата Поликарпос Венетис (Polykarpos Venetis).

Описание

Так как вершина этой скалы ограничена в размере, здания монастыря должны были быть расширены «вверх» вместо «наружу», возвышаясь на три этажа. Маленький katholikon (собор) Святого Николая занимает второй этаж. У него нет купола, и отсутствуют окна, также он характеризуется несимметричным планом экспозиции. Больший нартекс простирается на запад. Фрески Святого Николая являются одними из самых красивых в Метеора; они были созданы знаменитым лидером критской школы — Феофаном (Theophanes Strelitzas). Он создал их в 1527 году, когда был, вероятно, монахом этого монастыря. Эти фрески являются первыми фресками, на которых появилась подпись художника («Ch. M.»), и среди его самых ранних работ, это самые красивые работы. Изображая такие сцены как Страсть Христа, Дева Мария в молитве, Неудачник и Кит, Литургии Ангелов и Последний Суд, фрески демонстрируют те особенности живописи, которые принесли славу Феофану Критскому: его живопись отличается четкостью линий, живостью образов, и яркими цветами. Первый этаж монастыря занят крошечной Часовней Святого Антония, в которой также есть несколько важных фресок, которые датируются началом 14-ого столетия, и склеп, где мощи и рукописи хранились раньше. Третий этаж содержит старую столовую, украшенную фресками и недавно отремонтированный зал, который используется как приемная, склеп (для хранения мощей), и отремонтированная Часовня Святого Иоанна Крестителя.

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